In 2008, there was an estimated 1 ,7 million urban IDPs in Khartoum. The IDP population comprised between 23% and 30% of the total population living in the capital (Jacobsen, 2008). These estimations, however, are not totally reliable as there is no accurate demographic data available.
Since 1970′s , Khartoum has experienced mass influxes of internal displaced fleeing rural areas because of :
The IDP population mainly lives in very poor areas, including in the main so called “IDP camps” within Khartoum (Omdurman el Salaam, Wad el Bashir, Mayo and Jebel Awlia). About 10% of IDPs are settled in those 4 main camps while the majority live in squatter settlements or in relocation sites.
Source: City limits: urbanization and vulnerability in Sudan, Khartoum case study, Jan. 2011, Humanitarian Policy Group
The government of Sudan has been reluctant to integrating IDPs in Karthoum and has been fostering the relocation solution to the plight of IDPs.
Guiding principals on Internal Displacement, 1998: non recognized
International Conference of the Great Lakes Pact and Protocol: signatory
AU Convention on protection and assistance to IDPs in Africa: endorsed
HAC-SRRC agreement on IDPs
2009 National IDP policy drafted by the government
The lack of IDP registration makes almost impossible any attempt to identify precisely the concerned population. With time, it is becoming more and more difficult to distinguish the IDP population within the rest of unprotected people such as irregular migrants and urban poor.
Martin, Ellen and Mosel, Irina (2011) City Limits: Urbanization and vulnerability in Sudan, London, Humanitarian Policy Group, Overseas Development Institute
International Refugee Rights Initiative,The Disappearance of Sudan? Life in Khartoum for citizens without rights, Citizenship and Displacement in the Great Lake region, Working Paper 9, May 2013